Aggressive species coral brags astounding capacity for regeneration. Uncovered for the premiere time in Brazil in the coast of the Southeast region in the late 1980s, when oil and gas exploring commenced in the Campos Basin, sea side of Rio de Janeiro, sun corals of the genus Tubastraea are now advancing very rapidly through the rocky shores and cliffs of Brazilian islands and are contemplated to be biological attackers.
Once biodiverse and multicolored, the reefs in Búzios Island are now encrusted with orange stripes. Some places are deprived of bare rock and other species of coral. Marcelo Kitahara, a professor in the Marine Science Department of the Federal University of São Paulo (DCMAR-UNIFESP) in Santos, Brazil said that the reefs around Búzios Island are in an unrecoverable condition.
The genus Tubastraea entails seven species all inhabitant to the tropical waters of the Indian Ocean and Pacific. Only two, T. coccinea and T. tagusensis, are also found in the southwest Atlantic. Both are incursive species. The premiere Brazilian experimentation was recorded in the Campos Basin in the 1980s, succeeded by the findings of colonies on reefs off the Southern coast of Rio de Janeiro State in the 1990s. From that time onwards sun coral has been established across over 3,000 km of the Brazilian coastline, from Santa Catarina in the South to Ceará in the Northeast.
Kitahara said that administrative action is still feasible in some places, but this needs the entire manual removal of colonies.
Aggressive species coral says if nothing is done to halt these colonies sun coral could probably colonize the entire Brazilian coast.